Urbino experienced a time of cultural pre-eminence during the renaissance period, and there is something about its grand sense of scale that resulted which is, simply, awesome. Palazzo Ducale is Urbino’s most prized possession. Built at the command of Duke Federigo da Montefeltro between 1444 and 1472, the site is UNESCO World Heritage Listed. Mon 8:30am-2pm, Tue-Sun 8.30am-7.15pm. Just across the square from Palazzo Ducale is the Cathedral, which is relatively new, having been rebuilt by a Roman architect in 1801 after the previous structure was destroyed by an earthquake.